Faglige interesser

Energi og naturressurser; Risikostyring; Produktivitet, effektivitet og innovasjon; Prising og prisanalyser 

Bakgrunn

Gudbrand Lien er utdannet Cand.agric (Landbruksøkonomi) fra Norges Landbrukshøgskole i 1993. Han har graden Cand.merc (Høyere avdeling eksamen) fra Norges Handelshøyskole i 1997 og Dr.oecon fra Norges Handelshøyskole i 2001. Har jobberfaring som førstekonsulent i Landbruksdepartementet (1993-1995), vennskapelig assistent ved Norges Handelshøyskole, forsker/seniorforsker på heltid/eller deltid ved Norsk institutt for landbruksøkonomisk forskning (NILF) (fra 2001) og Østlandsforskning (2003-212), samt deltidsengasjement som førsteamanuensis ved Høgskolen i Hedmark, campus Rena.(2006-2007). Har vært ansatt som professor i bedriftsøkonomi ved Høgskolen i Lillehammer (nå Høgskolen i Innlandet) fra 2007. Har i tillegg en bistilling ved Norsk institutt for bioøkonomi (NIBIO) på Ås.

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Prosjekter (3)

Avsluttede (3)

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Forskningsområder

Økonomi og ledelse

Publikasjoner (186)

Utvalgte (186)

  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Alem, Habtamu (). Endogeneity, heterogeneity, and determinants of inefficiency in Norwegian crop-producing farms.
  • Mydland, Ørjan; Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand (). Economies of scale in Norwegian electricity distribution: a quantile regression approach.
  • Lappalainen, Barbara Rebecca Matovu; Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand (). Antecedents to innovative behavior among employees in public sector.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal; Alem, Habtamu (). Endogeneity, firm heterogeneity and determinants of inefficiency in a four-component stochastic frontier model.
  • Alem, Habtamu; Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian; Guttormsen, Atle Guttorm (). Regional Differences in Technical Efficiency and Technological Gap of Norwegian Dairy Farms: a Stochastic Metafrontier Model.
  • Alem, Habtamu; Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; J. Brian, Hardaker (). Economies of Scale and Scope among the Norwegian Dairy and Crop-producing Farms: a regional analysis using flexible technology approach.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Lien, Gudbrand (). Yardstick Regulation of Electricity Distribution – Disentangling Short-run and Long-run Inefficiencies.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand; Svensson, Göran (). The value of cultivating a norm for market orientation in professional service.
  • Alem, Habtamu; Lien, Gudbrand; J. Brian, Hardaker; Guttormsen, Atle Guttorm (). Technical Efficiency and Technological Gap of Norwegian Dairy Farms: a Stochastic Meta-Frontier Model.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand; Fredheim, Arne; Gangnes, Marius Tuverud (). Enabling relationship learning in intra-firm professional service teams.
  • Flognfeldt, Thor; Lien, Gudbrand; Tjørve, Even (). Bør Innlandet satse på vinterturistene som har vært her før eller forsøke å overtale de som tror Norge har et dyrt og dårlig vinterprodukt?.
  • Malasevska, Iveta; Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand (). Optimal weather discounts for alpine ski passes.
  • Lund, Stine Lindahl; Kufoalor, Edinam Awasi; Lien, Gudbrand (). Finansiering av Serviceinnovasjoner.
  • Rønningen, Martin; Lien, Gudbrand (). Hva påvirker turisters valg av Lillehammer og Norge som vinterferiemål?.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Alem, Habtamu (). Determinants of Short- and Long-Run Efficiency: A study of crop production in Norway.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand (). Consequences of Employees’ Collective Engagement in Knowledge-Based Service Firms.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand; Fredheim, Arne; Gangnes, Marius Tuverud (). Enabling Relationship Learning in Intrafirm Professional Service Teams.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand (). The role of employees collective engagement.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Matovu, Barbara Rebecca; Lien, Gudbrand (). Effects of organizational climate on innomvative behavior : a case study from public sector.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Accounting for risk in productivity analysis: an application to Norwegian dairy farming.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand; Fredheim, Arne; Gangnes, Marius Tuverud (). Enabling Relationship Learning in Intrafirm Professional Service Teams.
  • Amundsveen, Roar; Kvile, Hilde Marit; Lien, Gudbrand; Mydland, Ørjan (). Economies of Scope in the Norwegian electricity industry.
  • Higgs, Helen; Lien, Gudbrand; Worthington, Andrew C. (). Australian evidence on the role of interregional flows, production capacity, and generation mix in wholesale electricity prices and price volatility.
  • Cheng, Xiaomei; Bjørndal, Endre; Bjørndal, Mette Helene; Lien, Gudbrand (). Productivity Development for Norwegian Electricity Distribution Companies 2004-2013. 23 s.
  • Cheng, Xiaomei; Bjørndal, Endre; Bjørndal, Mette Helene; Lien, Gudbrand; Andersson, Jonas (). Essays on Efficiency and Productivity in Electricity Networks. ISBN 978-82-405-0331-4. 106 s.
  • Tjørve, Even; Lien, Gudbrand; Flognfeldt, Thor (). Properties of first-time vs. repeat visitors: Lessons for marketing Norwegian ski resorts.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand; Fredheim, Arne; Gangnes, Marius Tuverud (). Relationship learning in knowledge-based service firms - an empirical study from concultancy industry.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Amundsveen, Roar; Kvile, Hilde Marit; Lien, Gudbrand (). Scale economies, technical change and efficiency in Norwegian electricity distribution, 1998–2010.
  • Malasevska, Iveta; Lien, Gudbrand; Haugom, Erik (). Research Note: Modelling and forecasting alpine skier visits.
  • Mydland, Ørjan; Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand (). Economies of scale in Norwegian electricity distribution: A quantile input distance function approach..
  • Rønningen, Martin; Lien, Gudbrand (). The importance of systemic features for innovation orientation in Norwegian tourism firms.
  • Sipiläinen, Timo; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Lien, Gudbrand (). Performance of dairy farms in Finland and Norway from 1991 to 2008.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Technical efficiency in competing panel data models: a study of Norwegian grain farming.
  • Haugom, Erik; Veka, Steinar Svartskuren; Lien, Gudbrand; Westgaard, Sjur (). Estimating and evaluating Value-at-Risk forecasts based on realized variance: empirical evidence from ICE Brent Crude oil futures.
  • Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand; Veka, Steinar Svartskuren; Westgaard, Sjur (). Covariance estimation using high-frequency data: Sensitivities of estimation methods.
  • Westgaard, Sjur; Veka, Steinar Svartskuren; Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand (). A note on the risk characteristics of european energy futures markets :.
  • Stenrød, Marianne; Tørresen, Kirsten; Eklo, Ole Martin; Øgaard, Anne K. Falk; Lien, Gudbrand; Refsgaard, Karen; Kvakkestad, Valborg (). STRAPP - STRAtegies for implementation of sound cereal Production Methods With low loss of Pesticides and Phosphorus.
  • Stenrød, Marianne; Tørresen, Kirsten; Eklo, Ole Martin; Øgaard, Anne K. Falk; Lien, Gudbrand; Refsgaard, Karen; Kvakkestad, Valborg (). STRAPP - STRAtegies for implementation of sound cereal Production Methods With low loss of Pesticides and Phosphorus.
  • Teigen, Håvard; Lien, Gudbrand (). Kommunene som næringsutvikler : kommunalt tiltaksarbeid.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Amundsveen, Roar; Kvile, Hilde Marit; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra (). Scale economies, technical change and efficiency in Norwegian electricity distribution 1998-2010".
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra (). Estimation of technological change using cross-sectional data.
  • Lerfald, Merethe; Lien, Gudbrand; Alnes, Per Kristian; Sand, Roald; Folstad, Kristin Stokke; Paulsen Rye, Siv Karin (). Verdiskaping i landbruk og landbruksbasert virksomhet i Oppland. ISBN 978-82-7077-831-7. 152 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Alnes, Per Kristian; Lerfald, Merethe; Sand, Roald; Folstad, Kristin Stokke; Paulsen Rye, Siv Karin (). Verdiskaping i landbruk og landbruksbasert virksomhet i Hedmark. ISBN 978-82-7077-830-0. 151 s.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Baardsen, Sjur; Lien, Gudbrand (). A New Method for Estimating Market Power with an Application to Norwegian Sawmilling.
  • Teigen, Håvard; Lien, Gudbrand (). Kommunanes satsing på reiseliv som utviklingsnæring.
  • Moe, Sigrid Hendriks; Rønningen, Martin; Lien, Gudbrand; Mehmetoglu, Mehmet (). Innovasjon i tjeneste- og vareproduserende næringer.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Covariance estimation using high-frequency data: Microstructure noise and sensitivities of estimation methods.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Solibakke, Per Bjarte (). Covariance estimation using high-frequency data : an analysis of Nord Pool electricity forward data.
  • Haugom, Erik; Veka, Steinar; Lien, Gudbrand; Westgaard, Sjur (). Evaluating the effect of intra-daily sampling frequency on Value-at-Risk predictions: Empirical evidence from high-frequency ICE oil futures.
  • Haugom, Erik; Veka, Steinar; Lien, Gudbrand; Westgaard, Sjur (). Evaluating the effect of intra-daily sampling frequency on Value-at-Risk predictions: Empirical evidence from high-frequency ICE oil futures.
  • Haugom, Erik; Veka, Steinar; Lien, Gudbrand; Westgaard, Sjur (). Evaluating the effect of intra-daily sampling frequency on Value-at-Risk predictions: Empirical evidence from high-frequency ICE oil futures.
  • Veka, Steinar; Lien, Gudbrand; Westgaard, Sjur; Higgs, Helen (). Time-varying dependency in European energy markets: an analysis of Nord Pool, European Energy Exchange and Intercontinental Exchange energy commodities.
  • Milner, Jos M; Storaas, Torstein; van Beest, Floris; Lien, Gudbrand (). Sluttrapport for elgfôringsprosjektet. Høgskolen i Hedmark. ISBN 978-82-7671-863-8. 89 s.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Variasjon mellom bruk.
  • Solibakke, Per Bjarte; Westgaard, Sjur; Lien, Gudbrand (). Carbon stochastic volatility model estimation and inference : forecasting (un-)conditional moments.
  • Bergfjord, Ole Jakob; Lien, Gudbrand; Hoveid, Øyvind (). Factors influencing farmer migration in Norway: A study based on survey results linked to financial data.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian; Asseldonk, M.A.P.M. van; Richardson, James (). Risk programming analysis with imperfect information.
  • Tveterås, Ragnar; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Production risk in multi-output industries: estimates from Norwegian dairy farms.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Tveterås, Ragnar (). A comparative study of risk exposure in agriculture and aquaculture.
  • Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Solibakke, Per Bjarte; Lien, Gudbrand (). Realized volatility and the influence of market measures on predictability : an analysis of Nord Pool forward electricity data.
  • Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Solibakke, Per Bjarte; Lien, Gudbrand (). Modelling day-ahead Nord Pool forward-price volatility: realized rolatility versus GARCH models.
  • Mittenzwei, Klaus; Lien, Gudbrand; Fjellstad, Wendy Jane; Øvren, Eva; Dramstad, Wenche (). Effects of landscape protection on farm management and farmers` income in Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Determinants of off-farm work and its effects on farm performance: the case of Norwegian grain farmers.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Modeling and forecasting energy price volatility and correlation using high-frequency data : current and future research.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Løes, Anne-Kristin (). Norwegian farmers ceasing certified organic production: Characteristics and reasons.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Lien, Gudbrand (). Impacts of subsidies on farm productivity and efficiency.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Opponent da Atle Øglend forsvarte sin PhD-avhandling ?An analysis of commodity price dynamics with focus on the price of salmon?.
  • Hardaker, J. Brian; Lien, Gudbrand (). Stochastic efficiency analysis with risk aversion bounds: a comment.
  • Hardaker, J. Brian; Lien, Gudbrand (). Probabilities for decision analysis in agriculture and rural resource economics: The need for a paradigm change.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Covariance estimation using high-frequency data: Analysis of Nord Pool electricity forward data.
  • Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Solibakke, Per Bjarte; Lien, Gudbrand (). Modelling day ahead Nord Pool forward price volatility : Realized volatility versus GARCH models.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Solibakke, Per Bjarte (). Covariance estimation using high-frequency data : analysis of Nord Pool electricity forward data.
  • Bergfjord, Ole Jakob; Lien, Gudbrand; Hoveid, Øyvind (). Bondehusholdenes økonomi. Resultater fra en spørreundersøkelse våren 2008. 40 s.
  • Løes, Anne-Kristin; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias (). Noen økobønder slutter - hva er årsakene?.
  • Baardsen, Sjur; Lien, Gudbrand; Størdal, Ståle (). Profit Efficiency in Timber Supply: Marginalization and Other Relevant Influences.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Lien, Gudbrand (). Productivity and profitability decomposition : A parametric distance function approach.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Løes, Anne-Kristin; Koesling, Matthias; Flaten, Ola (). Snipp snapp snute - var øko-drømmen ute?.
  • Higdem, Ulla; Lien, Gudbrand; Sandvik, Kristin (). Pedagogiske mapper for digital dokumentasjon og deling av kompetanse.
  • Teigen, Håvard; Lien, Gudbrand (). Innovasjon og virkemidler i reise og opplevelsesnæringer.
  • Teigen, Håvard; Lien, Gudbrand (). Reiseliv og opplevelsesnæringer : Virker virkemidlene?.
  • Fleming, Euan; Lien, Gudbrand (). Synergies, scope economies and scale diseconomies on farms in Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Teigen, Håvard (). Finansiering og innovasjon.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Organic dairy farming in Norway under the 100% organically produced feed requirement.
  • Hardaker, J. Brian; Fleming, Euan; Lien, Gudbrand (). How Should Governments Make Risky Policy Decisions ?.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Henningsen, Arne; Kumbhakar, Subal C. (). Econometric analysis of the effects of subsidies on farm production: the case of endogenous input quantities.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Bergfjord, Ole Jakob; Hoveid, Øyvind (). Life and work at small-scale farms in Norway : An outlook based on survey results linked to financial data.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Bondehusholdet og landbrukspolitikk : er det samsvar mellom disse?.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian; Asseldonk, M.A.P.M. van; Richardson, J.W. (). Risk programming and sparse data: how to get more reliable results.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Økonomien i bondehusholdet.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian (). What next in decision analysis for agricultural and resource economics?.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Fleming, Euan (). Testing for synergies and scope economies on livestock-based farms in Norway.
  • Bergfjord, Ole Jakob; Lien, Gudbrand (). Økonomien i bondehusholdet.
  • Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Lien, Gudbrand; Solibakke, Per Bjarte (). Predicting realized volatility for electricity prices using unobservable component models.
  • Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand (). Modelling and forecasting realized volatility for electricity futures prices.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Koesling, Matthias; Løes, Anne-Kristin (). Utmelding av norske øko-bønder – hva er årsakene? Resultater fra en spørreundersøkelse høsten 2007. 2008 s.
  • Hegrenes, Agnar; Lien, Gudbrand; Bergfjord, Ole Jakob; Flaten, Ola; Tveterås, Ragnar; Asheim, Leif Jarle (). Risikoeksponering og risikohandtering i matproduksjon. Sammenligning av havbruk og jordbruk.. ISBN 978-82-7077-719-8. 79 s.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Factors influencing the conversion to organic farming in Norway.
  • Størdal, Ståle; Lien, Gudbrand; Baardsen, Sjur (). Analyzing determinants of forest owners' decision-making using a sample selection framework.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Flaten, Ola; Tveterås, Ragnar (). Impacts of Norwegian milk quotas on output growth: A modified distance function approach.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Opponent at Per Kristian Rørstad's defense of the Dr. scient degree. Thesis Essays on the multifunctionality of agriculture and policy options.
  • Løes, Anne-Kristin; Koesling, Matthias; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Økobonden og byråkratiet.
  • Løes, Anne-Kristin; Koesling, Matthias; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Økobonden : inspirert av miljø - lei av kontroll.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Risk in public policy-making: a neglected issue in Australia.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Tveterås, Ragnar; Flaten, Ola (). Production risk in multi-output industries: estimates from Norwegian dairy farms.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Determinants of part-time farming and its effect on farm productivity and efficiency.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Løes, Anne-Kristin; Koesling, Matthias; Flaten, Ola (). Har økologien en framtid?.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Determinants of part-time farming and its effect on farm productivity and efficiency.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Determinants of part-time farming and its effect on farm productivity and efficiency.
  • Hegrenes, Agnar; Lien, Gudbrand; Bergfjord, Ole Jakob; Flaten, Ola; Tveterås, Ragnar; Asheim, Leif Jarle (). Risikoeksponering og risikohandtering i matproduksjon : sammenligning av havbruk og jordbruk. ISBN 9788270777198. 79 s.
  • Størdal, Ståle; Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Perceived risk sources and strategies to cope with risk among forest owners with and without off-property work in eastern Norway.
  • Hegrenes, Agnar; Tveterås, Ragnar; Lien, Gudbrand; Bergfjord, Ole Jakob; Flaten, Ola (). Risikoeksponering og risikostyring i havbruk og jordbruk – en komparativ studie. ISBN 978-82-7077-669-6. 56 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J.B.; Asheim, Leif Jarle (). Risk aversion and optimal forest replanting: A stochastic efficiency study.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian; Flaten, Ola (). Risk and economic sustainability of crop farming systems.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Stochastic utility-efficient programming of organic dairy farms.
  • Valle, Paul Steinar; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Herd health and health management in organic versus conventional dairy herds in Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Rationalising Risk Assessment: Applications to Agricultural Business.
  • Størdal, Ståle; Lien, Gudbrand; Baardsen, Sjur (). Lite aktivt skogbruk.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Størdal, Ståle; Baardsen, Sjur (). Technical efficiency in timber production and effects of other income sources.
  • Størdal, Ståle; Lien, Gudbrand; Baardsen, Sjur (). Skogeiernes beslutningsatferd. ISBN 978-82-7356-602-7. 54 s.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Do the new organic producers differ from the 'old guard'? Empirical results from Norwegian dairy farming.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Comparing Risk Perceptions and Risk Management in Organic and Conventional Dairy Farming: Empirical Results From Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Jervell, Anne Moxnes; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Management and risk characteristics of part-time and full-time farmers in Norway.
  • Hardaker, J. Brian; Lien, Gudbrand (). Towards some principles of good practice for decision analysis in agriculture. ISBN 82-7077-600-9. 36 s.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risiko og risikohandtering i økologisk jordbruksproduksjon. ISBN 82-7077-621-1. 210 s.
  • Størdal, Ståle; Lien, Gudbrand (). Kunde- og leverandørtilpasset omsetning av tømmer - En diskusjon om virkemidler og bonusordninger i norsk tømmeromsetning med resultater fra en undersøkelse blant medlemmer i Mjøsen skogeierforening. ISBN 82-7356-564-5. 99 s.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Comparing risk perceptions and risk management in organic and conventional dairy farming: empirical results from Norway.
  • Valle, Paul Steinar; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias (). Differences in health and health handling between organic dairy farmers in Norway depending on time of conversion.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Potential for conversion to organic farming in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk perceptions and management responses of organic and conventional dairy farmers in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Characteristics, goals and motivations among organic dairy farmers in relation to time of conversion.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Stochastic utility-efficient programming of organic dairy farms.
  • Valle, Paul Steinar; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias (). Differences in health and health handling between organic dairy farmers in Norway depending on time of conversion.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Potential for conversion to organic farming in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk perceptions and management responses of organic and conventional dairy farmers in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Characteristics, goals and motivations among organic dairy farmers in relation to time of conversion.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risiko og risikohandtering i økologisk jordbruksproduksjon. ISBN 8270776211. 210 s.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Das Potenzial umstellungsbereiter Betriebe in Norwegen The potential for conversion to organic farming in Norway.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). The potential for conversion to organic farming in Norway Das Potenzial umstellungsbereiter Betriebe in Norwegen.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Motives and potential for conversion to organic farming in Norway.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Motives and potential for conversion to organic farming in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Comparing risk perceptions and risk management in organic and conventional dairy fanning: empirical results from Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Comparing risk perceptions and risk management in organic and conventional dairy farming: empirical results from Norway. ISBN 82-7077-587-8. 26 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Skarsem, Knut; Ørbeck, Morten; Stornes, Ole Kristian (). Verdiskaping og sysselsetting i Hedmarksjordbruket. ISBN 82-7077-567-3. 41 s.
  • Hardaker, J. Brian; Richardson, James W.; Lien, Gudbrand; Schumann, Keith D. (). Stochastic efficiency analysis with risk aversion bounds: a simplified approach.
  • Ebbesvik, Martha; Flaten, Ola; Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Hvem er økobonden?.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and risk management in organic and conventional dairy farming: empirical results from Norway.
  • Koekebakker, Steen; Lien, Gudbrand (). Volatility and Price Jumps in Agricultural Futures Prices—Evidence from Wheat Options.
  • Ebbesvik, Martha; Flaten, Ola; Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Hvem er økobonden?.
  • Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Hel- og deltid i økologisk melkeproduksjon.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Characteristics of part-time and full-time farmers: empirical results from Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Comparing risk perceptions and risk management in organic and conventional dairy farming: empirical results from Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Characteristics, goals, motivations and attitudes among organic dairy farmers in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk perceptions and management responses of organic and conventional dairy farmers in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Comparing risk perceptions and risk management in organic and conventional dairy farming: empirical results from Norway. ISBN 8270775878. 26 s.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Stochastic utility-efficient programming of organic dairyfarms.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar; Arntzen, Halvard (). Risk and risk management in organic and conventional cashcrop farming in Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and risk management in organic farming: an empiricalanalysis of Norwegian farmers.
  • Hardaker, J. Brian; Lien, Gudbrand (). Stochastic efficiency analysis with risk aversion bounds: a simplified approach. ISBN 82-7077-522-3. 22 s.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and Risk Management in Organic Farming – Presentation of a Research Project.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hegrenes, Agnar; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Stochastic Dynamic Optimisation: An Analysis of Surface Grading of Peat Soils in Northern Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kristensen, A. R.; Hegrenes, Agnar; Hardaker, J.B. (). Optimal length of leys in an area with winter damage problems.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Assisting whole-farm decision-making through stochastic budgeting.
  • Koekebakker, Steen; Lien, Gudbrand (). Term structure of volatility and price jumps in agricultural markets - evidence from option data.
  • Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and risk management in organic and conventional dairy farming: empirical results from Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and Risk Management in Organic and Conventional Farming: Empirical Results from Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and risk management in organic farming: an empirical analysis of Norwegian farmers.
  • Valle, Paul Steinar; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Data Minig, a useful tool in veterinary epidemiology?.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risikohandtering i økologisk landbruk - resultater fra en spørreundersøkelse.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Gardbrukernes valg av driftsform.
  • Hegrenes, Agnar; Lien, Gudbrand; Kvame, Turid (). Kostnader ved tiltak for å forbedre dyrevelferden. ISBN 82-7077-454-5. 70 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Fredriksen, Bente (). Kostnader ved Salmonella – human salmonellose, overvåking og kontroll. ISBN 82-7077-481-2. 30 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Non-parametric estimation of decision makers' risk aversion.
  • Koekebakker, Steen; Lien, Gudbrand (). Term structure of volatility and price jumps in agricultural markets - evidence from option data.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and Risk Management in Organic Farming - Presentation of a Research Project.
  • Hegrenes, Agnar; Lien, Gudbrand; Haraldsen, Trond; Sveistrup, Tore E. (). The economics of surface grading of peat soils in northern Norway. ISBN 82-7077-428-6. 20 s.
  • Refsgaard, Karen; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Gudem, Runhild (). Samfunnsmessig nyttevurdering ved godkjenning av plantevernmidler – Et pilotprosjekt om vekstregulatorer anvendt i korn- og engfrøproduksjon. ISBN 82-7077-434-0. 92 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J.B. (). Whole-farm planning under uncertainty: impacts of subsidy scheme and utility function on portfolio choice in Norwegian agriculture.
  • Hegrenes, Agnar; Hill, B.; Lien, Gudbrand (). Income Instability Among Farm Households - Evidence from Norway.
  • Koekebakker, Steen; Lien, Gudbrand (). Term structure of volatility and price jumps in agricultural markets.
  • Koekebakker, Steen; Lien, Gudbrand (). Term structure of volatility and price jumps in agricultural markets - evidence from option data. 20 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Five Essays on Risk Analysis in Agriculture. ISBN 8240500676. 124 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Assisting whole-farm decision-making through stochastic budgeting. ISBN 82-7077-375-1. 20 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Non-parametric estimation of decision makers' risk aversion. ISBN 82-7077-374-3. 20 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, Brian (). Whole-farm planning under uncertainty: impacts of subsidy scheme and utility function on portfolio choice in Norwegian agriculture. ISBN 82-7077-371-9. 26 s.
  • Hegrenes, Agnar; Lien, Gudbrand (). Vurdering av risiko for avlings- og inntektsvariasjon innen bruk i Nord-Norge. ISBN 82-7077-329-8. 33 s.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Porteføljeanalyse av produktrisiko i jordbruket - Resultater fra norsk jordbruk. ISBN 82-7077-289-5. 32 s.

Vitenskapelige artikler og bokkapitler (76)

  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Alem, Habtamu (). Endogeneity, heterogeneity, and determinants of inefficiency in Norwegian crop-producing farms.
  • Mydland, Ørjan; Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand (). Economies of scale in Norwegian electricity distribution: a quantile regression approach.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Lien, Gudbrand (). Yardstick Regulation of Electricity Distribution – Disentangling Short-run and Long-run Inefficiencies.
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  • Malasevska, Iveta; Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand (). Optimal weather discounts for alpine ski passes.
  • Lund, Stine Lindahl; Kufoalor, Edinam Awasi; Lien, Gudbrand (). Finansiering av Serviceinnovasjoner.
  • Rønningen, Martin; Lien, Gudbrand (). Hva påvirker turisters valg av Lillehammer og Norge som vinterferiemål?.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand (). Consequences of Employees’ Collective Engagement in Knowledge-Based Service Firms.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand; Fredheim, Arne; Gangnes, Marius Tuverud (). Enabling Relationship Learning in Intrafirm Professional Service Teams.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Accounting for risk in productivity analysis: an application to Norwegian dairy farming.
  • Higgs, Helen; Lien, Gudbrand; Worthington, Andrew C. (). Australian evidence on the role of interregional flows, production capacity, and generation mix in wholesale electricity prices and price volatility.
  • Tjørve, Even; Lien, Gudbrand; Flognfeldt, Thor (). Properties of first-time vs. repeat visitors: Lessons for marketing Norwegian ski resorts.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Amundsveen, Roar; Kvile, Hilde Marit; Lien, Gudbrand (). Scale economies, technical change and efficiency in Norwegian electricity distribution, 1998–2010.
  • Malasevska, Iveta; Lien, Gudbrand; Haugom, Erik (). Research Note: Modelling and forecasting alpine skier visits.
  • Rønningen, Martin; Lien, Gudbrand (). The importance of systemic features for innovation orientation in Norwegian tourism firms.
  • Sipiläinen, Timo; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Lien, Gudbrand (). Performance of dairy farms in Finland and Norway from 1991 to 2008.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Technical efficiency in competing panel data models: a study of Norwegian grain farming.
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  • Teigen, Håvard; Lien, Gudbrand (). Kommunene som næringsutvikler : kommunalt tiltaksarbeid.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Baardsen, Sjur; Lien, Gudbrand (). A New Method for Estimating Market Power with an Application to Norwegian Sawmilling.
  • Teigen, Håvard; Lien, Gudbrand (). Kommunanes satsing på reiseliv som utviklingsnæring.
  • Moe, Sigrid Hendriks; Rønningen, Martin; Lien, Gudbrand; Mehmetoglu, Mehmet (). Innovasjon i tjeneste- og vareproduserende næringer.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Solibakke, Per Bjarte (). Covariance estimation using high-frequency data : an analysis of Nord Pool electricity forward data.
  • Veka, Steinar; Lien, Gudbrand; Westgaard, Sjur; Higgs, Helen (). Time-varying dependency in European energy markets: an analysis of Nord Pool, European Energy Exchange and Intercontinental Exchange energy commodities.
  • Solibakke, Per Bjarte; Westgaard, Sjur; Lien, Gudbrand (). Carbon stochastic volatility model estimation and inference : forecasting (un-)conditional moments.
  • Bergfjord, Ole Jakob; Lien, Gudbrand; Hoveid, Øyvind (). Factors influencing farmer migration in Norway: A study based on survey results linked to financial data.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian; Asseldonk, M.A.P.M. van; Richardson, James (). Risk programming analysis with imperfect information.
  • Tveterås, Ragnar; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Production risk in multi-output industries: estimates from Norwegian dairy farms.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Tveterås, Ragnar (). A comparative study of risk exposure in agriculture and aquaculture.
  • Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Solibakke, Per Bjarte; Lien, Gudbrand (). Realized volatility and the influence of market measures on predictability : an analysis of Nord Pool forward electricity data.
  • Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Solibakke, Per Bjarte; Lien, Gudbrand (). Modelling day-ahead Nord Pool forward-price volatility: realized rolatility versus GARCH models.
  • Mittenzwei, Klaus; Lien, Gudbrand; Fjellstad, Wendy Jane; Øvren, Eva; Dramstad, Wenche (). Effects of landscape protection on farm management and farmers` income in Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Determinants of off-farm work and its effects on farm performance: the case of Norwegian grain farmers.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Løes, Anne-Kristin (). Norwegian farmers ceasing certified organic production: Characteristics and reasons.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Lien, Gudbrand (). Impacts of subsidies on farm productivity and efficiency.
  • Hardaker, J. Brian; Lien, Gudbrand (). Stochastic efficiency analysis with risk aversion bounds: a comment.
  • Hardaker, J. Brian; Lien, Gudbrand (). Probabilities for decision analysis in agriculture and rural resource economics: The need for a paradigm change.
  • Løes, Anne-Kristin; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias (). Noen økobønder slutter - hva er årsakene?.
  • Baardsen, Sjur; Lien, Gudbrand; Størdal, Ståle (). Profit Efficiency in Timber Supply: Marginalization and Other Relevant Influences.
  • Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Lien, Gudbrand (). Productivity and profitability decomposition : A parametric distance function approach.
  • Higdem, Ulla; Lien, Gudbrand; Sandvik, Kristin (). Pedagogiske mapper for digital dokumentasjon og deling av kompetanse.
  • Fleming, Euan; Lien, Gudbrand (). Synergies, scope economies and scale diseconomies on farms in Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Teigen, Håvard (). Finansiering og innovasjon.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Organic dairy farming in Norway under the 100% organically produced feed requirement.
  • Hardaker, J. Brian; Fleming, Euan; Lien, Gudbrand (). How Should Governments Make Risky Policy Decisions ?.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian; Asseldonk, M.A.P.M. van; Richardson, J.W. (). Risk programming and sparse data: how to get more reliable results.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Factors influencing the conversion to organic farming in Norway.
  • Størdal, Ståle; Lien, Gudbrand; Baardsen, Sjur (). Analyzing determinants of forest owners' decision-making using a sample selection framework.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Flaten, Ola; Tveterås, Ragnar (). Impacts of Norwegian milk quotas on output growth: A modified distance function approach.
  • Størdal, Ståle; Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Perceived risk sources and strategies to cope with risk among forest owners with and without off-property work in eastern Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J.B.; Asheim, Leif Jarle (). Risk aversion and optimal forest replanting: A stochastic efficiency study.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian; Flaten, Ola (). Risk and economic sustainability of crop farming systems.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand (). Stochastic utility-efficient programming of organic dairy farms.
  • Valle, Paul Steinar; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Herd health and health management in organic versus conventional dairy herds in Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Rationalising Risk Assessment: Applications to Agricultural Business.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Størdal, Ståle; Baardsen, Sjur (). Technical efficiency in timber production and effects of other income sources.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Do the new organic producers differ from the 'old guard'? Empirical results from Norwegian dairy farming.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Jervell, Anne Moxnes; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Management and risk characteristics of part-time and full-time farmers in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Comparing risk perceptions and risk management in organic and conventional dairy farming: empirical results from Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Comparing risk perceptions and risk management in organic and conventional dairy fanning: empirical results from Norway.
  • Hardaker, J. Brian; Richardson, James W.; Lien, Gudbrand; Schumann, Keith D. (). Stochastic efficiency analysis with risk aversion bounds: a simplified approach.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and risk management in organic and conventional dairy farming: empirical results from Norway.
  • Koekebakker, Steen; Lien, Gudbrand (). Volatility and Price Jumps in Agricultural Futures Prices—Evidence from Wheat Options.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar; Arntzen, Halvard (). Risk and risk management in organic and conventional cashcrop farming in Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and risk management in organic farming: an empiricalanalysis of Norwegian farmers.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and Risk Management in Organic Farming – Presentation of a Research Project.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hegrenes, Agnar; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Stochastic Dynamic Optimisation: An Analysis of Surface Grading of Peat Soils in Northern Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kristensen, A. R.; Hegrenes, Agnar; Hardaker, J.B. (). Optimal length of leys in an area with winter damage problems.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Assisting whole-farm decision-making through stochastic budgeting.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Gardbrukernes valg av driftsform.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Non-parametric estimation of decision makers' risk aversion.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J.B. (). Whole-farm planning under uncertainty: impacts of subsidy scheme and utility function on portfolio choice in Norwegian agriculture.
  • Hegrenes, Agnar; Hill, B.; Lien, Gudbrand (). Income Instability Among Farm Households - Evidence from Norway.

Bøker (30)

Vitenskapelige konferansebidrag (57)

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  • Alem, Habtamu; Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian; Guttormsen, Atle Guttorm (). Regional Differences in Technical Efficiency and Technological Gap of Norwegian Dairy Farms: a Stochastic Metafrontier Model.
  • Alem, Habtamu; Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; J. Brian, Hardaker (). Economies of Scale and Scope among the Norwegian Dairy and Crop-producing Farms: a regional analysis using flexible technology approach.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand; Svensson, Göran (). The value of cultivating a norm for market orientation in professional service.
  • Alem, Habtamu; Lien, Gudbrand; J. Brian, Hardaker; Guttormsen, Atle Guttorm (). Technical Efficiency and Technological Gap of Norwegian Dairy Farms: a Stochastic Meta-Frontier Model.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra; Alem, Habtamu (). Determinants of Short- and Long-Run Efficiency: A study of crop production in Norway.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand (). The role of employees collective engagement.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Matovu, Barbara Rebecca; Lien, Gudbrand (). Effects of organizational climate on innomvative behavior : a case study from public sector.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand; Fredheim, Arne; Gangnes, Marius Tuverud (). Enabling Relationship Learning in Intrafirm Professional Service Teams.
  • Amundsveen, Roar; Kvile, Hilde Marit; Lien, Gudbrand; Mydland, Ørjan (). Economies of Scope in the Norwegian electricity industry.
  • Slåtten, Terje; Lien, Gudbrand; Fredheim, Arne; Gangnes, Marius Tuverud (). Relationship learning in knowledge-based service firms - an empirical study from concultancy industry.
  • Mydland, Ørjan; Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand (). Economies of scale in Norwegian electricity distribution: A quantile input distance function approach..
  • Stenrød, Marianne; Tørresen, Kirsten; Eklo, Ole Martin; Øgaard, Anne K. Falk; Lien, Gudbrand; Refsgaard, Karen; Kvakkestad, Valborg (). STRAPP - STRAtegies for implementation of sound cereal Production Methods With low loss of Pesticides and Phosphorus.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Amundsveen, Roar; Kvile, Hilde Marit; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra (). Scale economies, technical change and efficiency in Norwegian electricity distribution 1998-2010".
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal Chandra (). Estimation of technological change using cross-sectional data.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Covariance estimation using high-frequency data: Microstructure noise and sensitivities of estimation methods.
  • Haugom, Erik; Veka, Steinar; Lien, Gudbrand; Westgaard, Sjur (). Evaluating the effect of intra-daily sampling frequency on Value-at-Risk predictions: Empirical evidence from high-frequency ICE oil futures.
  • Haugom, Erik; Veka, Steinar; Lien, Gudbrand; Westgaard, Sjur (). Evaluating the effect of intra-daily sampling frequency on Value-at-Risk predictions: Empirical evidence from high-frequency ICE oil futures.
  • Haugom, Erik; Veka, Steinar; Lien, Gudbrand; Westgaard, Sjur (). Evaluating the effect of intra-daily sampling frequency on Value-at-Risk predictions: Empirical evidence from high-frequency ICE oil futures.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Modeling and forecasting energy price volatility and correlation using high-frequency data : current and future research.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Covariance estimation using high-frequency data: Analysis of Nord Pool electricity forward data.
  • Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Solibakke, Per Bjarte; Lien, Gudbrand (). Modelling day ahead Nord Pool forward price volatility : Realized volatility versus GARCH models.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Solibakke, Per Bjarte (). Covariance estimation using high-frequency data : analysis of Nord Pool electricity forward data.
  • Teigen, Håvard; Lien, Gudbrand (). Reiseliv og opplevelsesnæringer : Virker virkemidlene?.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Henningsen, Arne; Kumbhakar, Subal C. (). Econometric analysis of the effects of subsidies on farm production: the case of endogenous input quantities.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Bergfjord, Ole Jakob; Hoveid, Øyvind (). Life and work at small-scale farms in Norway : An outlook based on survey results linked to financial data.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Hardaker, J. Brian (). What next in decision analysis for agricultural and resource economics?.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Fleming, Euan (). Testing for synergies and scope economies on livestock-based farms in Norway.
  • Haugom, Erik; Westgaard, Sjur; Lien, Gudbrand; Solibakke, Per Bjarte (). Predicting realized volatility for electricity prices using unobservable component models.
  • Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand (). Modelling and forecasting realized volatility for electricity futures prices.
  • Lien, Gudbrand (). Risk in public policy-making: a neglected issue in Australia.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Tveterås, Ragnar; Flaten, Ola (). Production risk in multi-output industries: estimates from Norwegian dairy farms.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Determinants of part-time farming and its effect on farm productivity and efficiency.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Determinants of part-time farming and its effect on farm productivity and efficiency.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Kumbhakar, Subal C.; Hardaker, J. Brian (). Determinants of part-time farming and its effect on farm productivity and efficiency.
  • Valle, Paul Steinar; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias (). Differences in health and health handling between organic dairy farmers in Norway depending on time of conversion.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Potential for conversion to organic farming in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk perceptions and management responses of organic and conventional dairy farmers in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Characteristics, goals and motivations among organic dairy farmers in relation to time of conversion.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Stochastic utility-efficient programming of organic dairy farms.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). The potential for conversion to organic farming in Norway Das Potenzial umstellungsbereiter Betriebe in Norwegen.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Motives and potential for conversion to organic farming in Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Characteristics of part-time and full-time farmers: empirical results from Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Comparing risk perceptions and risk management in organic and conventional dairy farming: empirical results from Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Characteristics, goals, motivations and attitudes among organic dairy farmers in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk perceptions and management responses of organic and conventional dairy farmers in Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Stochastic utility-efficient programming of organic dairyfarms.
  • Koekebakker, Steen; Lien, Gudbrand (). Term structure of volatility and price jumps in agricultural markets - evidence from option data.
  • Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and risk management in organic and conventional dairy farming: empirical results from Norway.
  • Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and Risk Management in Organic and Conventional Farming: Empirical Results from Norway.
  • Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and risk management in organic farming: an empirical analysis of Norwegian farmers.
  • Valle, Paul Steinar; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand; Koesling, Matthias; Ebbesvik, Martha (). Data Minig, a useful tool in veterinary epidemiology?.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risikohandtering i økologisk landbruk - resultater fra en spørreundersøkelse.
  • Koekebakker, Steen; Lien, Gudbrand (). Term structure of volatility and price jumps in agricultural markets - evidence from option data.
  • Koesling, Matthias; Lien, Gudbrand; Flaten, Ola; Ebbesvik, Martha; Valle, Paul Steinar (). Risk and Risk Management in Organic Farming - Presentation of a Research Project.
  • Koekebakker, Steen; Lien, Gudbrand (). Term structure of volatility and price jumps in agricultural markets.

Annet (23)