The PhD thesis
The thesis should be an independent, scientific work that complies with international standards regarding ethical requirements, academic level and methodology in the field of study.
The PhD candidate may choose to present the research results in the form of a unified work (monograph), or as a compilation of several smaller works (article-based thesis). If the thesis consists of several smaller works, the connection between the works should be clarified in an introductory chapter (“kappe” in Norwegian). See the PhD programme's supplementary guidelines for your PhD programme's guidelines for PhD theses.
There are also strict formal requirements for doctoral theses and you must demonstrate that you master all formal requirements for academic texts – from information on the front page, to the table of contents and the bibliography. Here you will find:
In article-based theses it is common to have co-authors for one or more of the articles. In such cases, the PhD candidate must comply with the norms for co-authorship that are widely accepted in the relevant discipline and comply with international standards. When the thesis is submitted for assessment, co-authorship must be documented with a signed statement describing the candidate's contribution to each work.
The thesis should normally be written in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English. If the candidate wishes to use another language, permission must be sought separately upon admission.