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MAOK4116 International Forest Policy and Economics


Learning outcomes

The course will give knowledge about international forest policies and economics, related to forestry/wood production and forest industries.

Ved bestått emne har studenten oppnådd følgende læringsutbytte:


The student

  • Insight into theories and      emirical findings of forest owner behavior
  • Understand how prices are      set in a market and how they are affected by policies
  • Understand optimal      rotation in forestry, and how this may be affected by external factor
  • Has knowledge of the main      patterns of forestry and forest industries across the globe, and with more      in-depth knowledge of the boreal forest sector
  • Has insight into markets      and market forces for wood and wood products, like sawnwood, pulp and      paper, bioenergy and new products
  • Understand important      policies relevant for the forest sector
  • Know about ownership      types in different countries and parts of the world, and has insight into      how that impact the sector
  • Know about a wide range      of tools for forest sector analyzes




  • Modeling and analyzing      forest owner behavior
  • Can explain the main      patters of the global forest sector
  • Can discuss how policies      and changes in economic factors may affect the forest sector,      competitiveness and ecosystem services
  • Can discuss trade-offs      and synergies in different ecosystem services
  • Has hands-on experience      in using some tools for forest sector analyses
  • Can discuss, and draw,      impacts of policies on markets
  • Can calculate optimal      rotation in forestry


General competence:

The student

  • Can formulate important      questions related to the forest sector
  • Can discuss a wide range      of topics related to the forest sector, written and orally
  • Can reflect upon      strengths and shortcomings of scientific papers and methods
  • Can participate in      discussions (defending and opposing) of scientific findings



Basic microeconomics will be covered, together with environmental economics and forest and resource economics. Students will learn about the global nature of the forest sector, where international trade is a pillar. Furthermore, students will gain insight into the main value chains in different parts of the world, with emphasis on the boreal forestry. Forest policies vary widely across countries, and students will understand how they are important for shaping the sector in different countries/parts of the world, the competitiveness as well as other values (ecosystem services). The same is also true for type of ownerships, that varies a lot across countries. Ownership behavior will be covered. The course will also cover the important changes the international forest sector is currently going through, due to shifts in technologies, costs, demand and environmental policies and the society’s expectations. Certification systems will be gone through.

Arbeids- og undervisningsformer

  • Lectures
  • Reading and discussing scientific papers
  • Group work

Obligatoriske krav som må være godkjent før eksamen kan avlegges

  • Participation in discussions of scientific papers, by presenting and be an opponent to others presenting
  • Presence on at least 80% of the seminars
  • Term paper
  • Assignments


  • Term paper (30 %)
  • Written final exam (70 %)

 Grading according to ECTS-system on scale A-E for passed and F for failed.